The Fermilab Tevatron collider is an excellent laboratory for studying the physics of heavy quarks. Large numbers of events containing c-cbar pairs and b-bbar pairs will be created in p-pbar collisions at 2 TeV center-of-mass energy during the next run of the collider. BTeV is an experimental program that has been proposed for the new C0 interaction hall at the Tevatron. The detector, which will have a forward and backward coverage, is designed for the study of rare decays, mixing, and CP violation in the c and b systems. The proposed detector has excellent vertex resolution and will use a Level 1 vertex trigger to collect large samples of interesting events containing charm and beauty decays.